33% of road traffic accidents in 2014 caused by vehicle defects, were attributed to illegal, defective or under-inflat
All the information you will need about your tyre can be found on the sidewall.
Here is a quick guide explaining what those numbers and letters mean.
The speed rating is represented by a letter. This denotes the maximum speed of the tyre at full load. In this case, the speed rating is 'V'.
The load rating of the tyre indicates its carrying capacity. It can be found just before the speed rating on the sidewall of the tyre in numerical format. In this case, the load rating is '87'.
Check your tyre pressures regularly. Ensuring recommended pressure is maintained could:
By rotating the position of the tyres on your vehicle, uneven wear can be prevented prolonging the life of your tyres.
It is recommended to rotate tyres every 5000-6000 miles or 6 months which ever comes first. The tyres must be rotated correctly for each vehicle type.
Front tyres remain on the same side and moved to the rear. The rear tyres move to the front and switch sides.
Rear tyres remain on the same side and moved to the front. The front tyres move to the read and switch sides.
For these vehicles, tyres are to be swapped diagonally, position as well as sides are switched as shown below.
In this instance, the tyres do not switch sides, only position. The front tyres are to be moved straight to rear and vice versa as shown below.
The legal limit is 1.6mm of tread. Replace your tyres before reaching the legal limit to avoid the risk of 3 penalty points per tyre and a fine of upto £2500.
The level of tread remaining on your tyres affects the stopping distance of your vehicle. This is illustrated below for a vehicle travelling 50mph on a wet road.
All new tyres come with a label similar to the one seen here.
The label contains information regarding the tyres wet grip performance, fuel efficiency and noise.
Fuel efficiency and roll resistance
Fuel efficiency is rated from 'A' (most efficient) to 'G' (least efficient). Energy lost through rolling resistance has a direct impact on fuel efficiency and the environment. The tyres can affect your vehicle's fuel consumption by upto 7.5%. Choosing 'A' over 'G' rated tyres could save you more than 6 litres of fuel per 620 miles.
Assuming average consumption to be 35mpg with the price of fuel at £1/litre and a tyre life of 20,000 miles- this translates to a monetary saving of around £200 over the life of the tyres. Fuel consumption and cost savings also depend on tyre pressure, vehicle weight and driving style.
Wet grip and braking performance
Wet grip is rated from 'A' (highest) to 'G' (lowest). The tyres performance is measured under strict conditions at a speed of 50mph. The braking distance between each grade is around 3 metres. So the difference between 'A' and 'G' is around 18 metres or 4 car lengths.
Expressed in decibels, the exterior noise grading of a tyre is also shown on the label.